The growth of transnational Arab television, in addition to the accelerating use of the new and social media, has triggered a debate about the rise in transnational political and religious identification. Arab Muslims, across the world, have embraced the new media and ICTs not only as a source of information but also as a source of guidance and fatwa, thereby transforming Muslim practices and rituals. While a number of Muslim clerics welcome the opportunity to use the new media to reach out to a global audience, others consider such global media as a threat to the native cultural identity and a celebration of capitalistic values.
Undoubtedly, the process of globalization, especially in the field of media and ICTs, challenges the cultural and religious systems, especially in terms of identity formation. The aim of this book is to examine the implications of the new media and ICTs on the Islamic religious identity in the Arab Middle East and North Africa (AMENA) and among Muslim Arab Diasporas around the world. Another aim is to shed new light on the influence of media exposure on national, political, and cultural boundaries of the Islamic identity.